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Explainer: How demand for inclusion of Meiteis in ST list snowballed into violence in Manipur

he demand for inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list has been a contentious issue in Manipur for several years.



Explainer: How demand for inclusion of Meiteis in ST list snowballed into violence in Manipur

Guwahati: The northeastern state of Manipur has been in the news recently due to the violent clashes that erupted between the police and the protestors demanding the inclusion of the Meitei community in the Scheduled Tribe (ST) list. The protests, which started peacefully, soon turned violent, resulting in the death of several people, including police personnel.

In this article, we’ll try to understand the demand for the inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list, why it has become a contentious issue, and how it led to violence in Manipur.

What is the Scheduled Tribe (ST) list?

The Scheduled Tribe (ST) list is a classification of indigenous people in India who are recognized by the government and given special privileges and protections under the Indian Constitution. The ST list includes more than 700 tribes from various states in India, and being included in this list provides certain benefits, such as reservations in education, government jobs, and political representation.

Why are Meiteis demanding inclusion in the ST list?

The Meitei community, which is the majority community in Manipur, has been demanding inclusion in the ST list for several years. The demand for inclusion is based on the argument that Meiteis are indigenous people of Manipur and have been marginalized due to the influx of migrants from other parts of India.

The demand for inclusion in the ST list gained momentum after the recommendations of a state government-appointed committee, which submitted its report in 2016, and recommended that Meiteis be included in the ST list. However, the central government has not yet taken any action on the recommendations.

Why is the demand for inclusion in the ST list contentious?

The demand for inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list has been a contentious issue in Manipur for several reasons. Firstly, there is a fear among the other tribal communities in the state that the inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list would reduce the benefits available to them. They argue that the inclusion of Meiteis would increase competition for resources and reservations, which would result in the dilution of their own benefits.

Secondly, there is also a fear that the inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list would lead to the domination of the Meitei community in the state, and the other tribal communities would lose their political power and representation. The fear is that the Meitei community, which is already dominant in Manipur, would become even more powerful if included in the ST list.

How did the demand for inclusion in the ST list lead to violence?

The demand for inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list has been a contentious issue in Manipur for several years, and the protests for the same have been going on for a long time. However, things turned violent in April 2023, when a group of protestors clashed with the police, resulting in the death of several people, including police personnel.

The violence escalated quickly, and curfew was imposed in several parts of the state. The protestors blocked the highways, disrupted rail services, and attacked government buildings, resulting in widespread destruction of public property.

In conclusion, the demand for inclusion of Meiteis in the ST list has been a contentious issue in Manipur for several years. The recent violence shows that the issue needs to be resolved as soon as possible, in a peaceful and democratic manner. The government should take steps to address the concerns of all communities in the state, and work towards finding a solution that is acceptable to all.


Jaipur Communal Tensions Following Biker’s Tragic Death

Biker fatally beaten in confrontation after motorcycle accident, succumbing to injuries.



Jaipur Communal Tensions Following Biker's Tragic Death
Photo: S Grab | X-Twitter:@thefirstindia

Jaipur, Rajasthan: Communal tensions flared up in the Ramganj area and its vicinity in Jaipur, Rajasthan on Saturday, stemming from a tragic incident involving a motorcycle collision that led to a man’s demise.

According to the police, the unfortunate incident occurred at the Subhash Chowk locality in Jaipur. It was reported that after a collision between two motorcycles, a group of men allegedly assaulted one of the riders, resulting in his untimely death.

Late on Friday night, the collision transpired within the Subhash Chowk area, whereupon a group of men accompanying one of the motorcycle riders reportedly subjected the other rider, identified as Iqbal, to a brutal assault. Iqbal sustained severe injuries and was promptly rushed to the SMS Hospital. Tragically, he succumbed to his injuries while receiving medical treatment.

In the aftermath of this distressing incident, numerous shops in the predominantly Muslim-populated areas have been shuttered. Family members of the deceased, along with local residents, have congregated and are now demanding justice and punitive action against those responsible for the attack, as reported by PTI.

To quell the escalating tensions, additional police forces have been deployed in the region, and concerted efforts are underway to defuse the volatile situation, according to statements from the police to PTI.

A purported video of the incident has surfaced on social media platforms, although its authenticity cannot be independently verified at this time.

In a significant development, six individuals have been apprehended in connection with the case. Additionally, authorities have announced compensatory measures for the family of the deceased, as reported by India Today. The publication quoted the Jaipur Administration as stating, “A compensation of Rs 50 lakh, along with employment opportunities and a dairy booth, has been announced for Iqbal’s family. According to police sources, six individuals have been detained in connection with the case.”

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Father of Ujjain Rape Suspect Calls for Son’s Execution

People who didn’t aid the raped, injured, and naked 12-year-old girl may face child sex abuse law charges, A senior officer of the state police said.



Father of Ujjain Rape Suspect Calls for Son's Execution
Photo: X(twitter)

Ujjain: The father of the man arrested in connection with the alleged rape of a 12-year-old girl in Ujjain on Friday has called for his son to receive the death penalty. Meanwhile, the local bar association has appealed to lawyers not to defend the accused in court. The victim, a 12-year-old girl, was discovered walking on the city streets in a wounded condition, desperately seeking assistance from passersby who unfortunately turned her away.

The injured girl is currently receiving treatment at the Government Maharaja Tukojirao Holkar Women’s Hospital in Indore, where she underwent a major surgical procedure on Wednesday. A senior state police official has indicated that individuals who failed to assist the young girl when she went from door to door seeking help after the assault, which left her naked and bleeding, could potentially face charges under child sexual abuse laws. Such individuals may be charged under the POCSO Act for failing to report or register the commission of a crime, according to an NDTV report.

Bharat Soni, an auto-rickshaw driver, was taken into custody in connection with the case on Thursday. His father expressed his deep shame over the incident, stating, “It is a disgraceful act. I have not visited the hospital to see him, nor will I go to the police station or court. My son has committed a crime, and he should face the ultimate punishment, which is hanging,” as he conveyed his sentiments to reporters. It should be noted that Soni sustained injuries while allegedly attempting to flee during the investigation, according to the police’s statement on Thursday.

The Congress party has criticized the BJP government in Madhya Pradesh, where assembly elections are scheduled by year-end. Congress spokesperson Supriya Shrinate alleged that the state’s law-and-order situation had significantly deteriorated under the leadership of Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan.

“In Madhya Pradesh, being a Dalit, tribal, or woman has seemingly become a crime. The state ranks highest in cases of minor rape. During Chouhan’s 18-year tenure, there have been 58,000 reported rape cases and 68,000 reported kidnapping cases. Yet, the country’s prime minister, home minister, and all BJP leaders remain conspicuously silent,” Shrinate conveyed to reporters in Delhi.

The distressing incident, captured by a CCTV camera, depicts the 12-year-old girl, partially undressed and bleeding following the assault, desperately seeking assistance from neighbors who callously refused her aid. Furthermore, in a shocking display of heartlessness, one individual can be seen shooing her away as she approaches him for help.

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Mob’s Bid to Enter CM N Biren Singh’s House in Imphal East, Manipur

Protests and clashes escalate in Imphal’s Manipur following tragic youth deaths; curfew reinstated in two districts.



Mob's Bid to Enter CM N Biren Singh's House in Imphal East, Manipur

Imphal: Tensions flared in Manipur as an enraged crowd, numbering in the hundreds, gathered outside the private residence of Chief Minister N Biren Singh in the Heingang area of Imphal East. Security forces successfully prevented their attempt to breach the premises, according to PTI sources. Notably, the residence was unoccupied at the time of the incident.

Earlier, the district magistrate of Imphal East had announced a temporary relaxation of movement restrictions, allowing for a window between 5 am and 11 am on Friday for the entire district. However, this relaxation coincided with a fresh outbreak of violence in the Imphal Valley, stemming from the tragic deaths of two youths whose images had triggered widespread protests across the northeastern state.

The parents of the deceased youths had appealed to the authorities to locate their children’s remains, underscoring the importance of conducting their final rites with the dignity they deserved. Subsequently, protests erupted, mainly led by students, in various areas of the state capital, including Uripok, Yaiskul, Sagolband, and Tera. The clashes between protesters and security personnel prompted the use of tear gas shells to maintain order.

To impede the advance of security forces into residential areas, demonstrators obstructed roads with burning tires, boulders, and iron pipes. Additionally, an enraged mob vandalized the District Commissioner’s office and set two vehicles on fire. In a separate incident, a BJP office in Khongjam, Thoubal district, was also set ablaze, as reported by the police.

Subsequently, curfew was reinstated in both Imphal East and West districts as security forces grappled with the ongoing violent protests, which had resulted in injuries to 65 demonstrators since Tuesday. Police initiated a search operation to recover stolen firearms and apprehend those responsible for the disturbances.

The Manipur Police issued a statement asserting their commitment to taking stern action against individuals involved in criminal activities.

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