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India Achieves Historic Moon Landing and Launches Lunar Rover: Chandrayaan-3’s Triumph

India’s historic lunar landing and rover mission propel its space program forward, inspiring global admiration.

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India Makes History: Moon Landing & Rover Launch
Photo:-Twitter/@isro

New Delhi: In a historic milestone, India successfully landed a spacecraft near the largely uncharted lunar south pole, becoming the first nation to achieve this feat. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) commenced lunar surface exploration with a rover named Pragyan, meaning “Wisdom” in Sanskrit, a day after the momentous landing.

Amidst nationwide celebrations, Pragyan rolled out from the lander, marking a significant step in India’s ambitious and cost-effective space program. The ISRO shared the achievement with the world through its social media presence on X (formerly Twitter), stating, “Rover ramped down the lander, and India took a walk on the moon!”

This six-wheeled, solar-powered rover is set to traverse the relatively uncharted lunar region, capturing images and collecting scientific data throughout its two-week mission duration.

The successful touchdown of Chandrayaan-3 (“Mooncraft-3”) followed just days after a Russian lander experienced a crash in the same lunar vicinity, highlighting the complexity and challenges of lunar exploration. It also marks a significant recovery for India’s space program, as the previous Indian lunar mission encountered failure during its final descent four years ago, once considered a substantial setback.

However, India’s space endeavors have been steadily progressing, with Chandrayaan-3 capturing the imagination of the public since its launch nearly six weeks ago. The mission garnered widespread support, with politicians performing Hindu prayer rituals to bless its success and schoolchildren closely following the live broadcasts of its descent in classrooms across the country.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi hailed the achievement, emphasizing that the successful lunar landing, previously accomplished only by the United States, Russia, and China, was a triumph for “all of humanity.” Elon Musk, CEO of SpaceX, a leading commercial space launch company, also lauded the achievement as “super cool.”

Notably, the Indian mission took a longer route to reach the Moon compared to the expedited Apollo missions of the 1960s and 1970s, as Chandrayaan-3 was launched using a less powerful rocket. It had to orbit the Earth multiple times to gain the necessary speed for its month-long journey to the lunar surface.

India’s space program stands out for its efficient use of resources. Chandrayaan-3’s cost, at $74.6 million, is notably lower than many missions conducted by other countries, showcasing India’s prowess in frugal space engineering. Experts attribute this cost-effectiveness to India’s ability to adapt and repurpose existing technology, coupled with the availability of highly skilled engineers who receive a fraction of the wages paid to their foreign counterparts.

India’s space program continues to expand, with its first Asian Mars orbiter mission in 2014 and plans to send a probe toward the sun in September. ISRO is scheduled to launch a three-day crewed mission into Earth’s orbit by next year, and it is also collaborating with Japan for a lunar probe mission slated for 2025. Furthermore, an orbital mission to Venus is on the horizon within the next two years, demonstrating India’s growing presence in the realm of space exploration.

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Karnataka

Anil John Sequeira became Karnataka civil judge at the age of 25

Anil John Sequeira, aged 25, from Borimar village, Bantwal, appointed Civil Judge, Karnataka, fulfilling father’s dream.

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Anil John Sequeira became Karnataka civil judge at the age of 25
Anil John Sequeira

Anil John Sequeira, a native of Borimar village in Bantwal taluk, has achieved a remarkable milestone by securing the position of Civil Judge through direct recruitment at the age of 25. His selection among the 33 candidates for the esteemed role of Civil Judges was based on merit, as determined by the Competitive Written Examination conducted in November 2023 followed by a viva-voce interview. This announcement was made in a notification issued on Friday by the Registrar General and Secretary of the Civil Judges Recruitment Committee at the High Court of Karnataka.

Anil, an alumnus of SDM Law College, Mangaluru, expressed his joy in fulfilling his father’s aspirations. “Becoming a judge was not just my dream, but also my father’s wish for me,” shared Anil. His father, Everest Sequeira, works as an agriculturist, while his mother, Ivy Sequeira, is a homemaker. Anil, the youngest among his siblings, including his brother Ashwin and sister Ashna, proudly mentioned that he is the second individual from Borimar village to achieve this prestigious position, following in the footsteps of Manohar Poojari.

Anil’s journey to success has been marked by consistent academic excellence. He commenced his education at St. Joseph Higher Primary School in Borimar, pursued his secondary education at Karnataka High School in Mani, and completed his pre-university education at St. Philomena PU College in Puttur. Taking a hiatus from legal practice, Anil devoted two years to preparing for the examination, ultimately succeeding in his second attempt.

Prior to his appointment, Anil actively participated in the legal community as a member of the Mangalore Bar Association, where he practiced civil law alongside esteemed legal professionals such as Deepak D’Souza and Naveen S Pais. Additionally, he was involved in the Indian Catholic Youth Movement (ICYM) and served as the ICYM President of Mangalore Diocese in 2022.

Reflecting on his accomplishment, Anil hopes to inspire fellow ICYM members and emphasizes the significance of their involvement. His brother, Ashwin, highlighted the transformative impact of ICYM participation, dispelling misconceptions about its productivity and underscoring its potential to shape the future of youth.

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Karnataka

Karnataka Cricketer Hoysala Dies at 34 from Cardiac Arrest

The Aegis South Zone tournament in Bengaluru was struck by tragedy as Karnataka cricketer Hoysala K, aged 34, succumbed to a sudden cardiac arrest.

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Karnataka Cricketer Hoysala Dies at 34 from Cardiac Arrest
IMAGE: X

The Aegis South Zone tournament in Bengaluru was struck by tragedy as Karnataka cricketer Hoysala K, aged 34, succumbed to a sudden cardiac arrest. The competition, brimming with excitement between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, took a solemn turn with the unexpected loss of this talented player.

After the intense match against Tamil Nadu, Hoysala joined his teammates for dinner when he suddenly collapsed due to a heart attack. Despite swift medical intervention on-site, including emergency treatment by attending physicians, Hoysala could not be revived. He was swiftly transported to Bowring Hospital, but tragically, doctors pronounced him deceased upon arrival. The news sent shockwaves through the cricketing fraternity, with players, supporters, and officials mourning the untimely departure of this gifted cricketer.

Dinesh Gundu Rao, Karnataka’s Minister of Health & Family Welfare, conveyed his condolences via social media, stating, “Deeply saddened by the unexpected passing of Karnataka’s emerging cricketer, fast bowler K. Hoysala, during the Aegis South Zone Tournament. My heartfelt sympathies are with his family and friends during this difficult time. Instances like these underscore the imperative of health awareness, particularly regarding cardiac health.”

Hoysala K, renowned for his prowess as a fast bowler, had previously showcased his talents with teams like Bellary Tuskers and Shivamogga Lion in the Karnataka Premier League, leaving an indelible mark on the state’s cricketing scene. His sudden departure has left a palpable void within the cricketing community.

In the pivotal match against Tamil Nadu, Hoysala played a pivotal role in Karnataka’s triumph, contributing both with the bat and the ball. His thirteen runs off thirteen balls coupled with the crucial wicket of Tamil Nadu’s opener, P. Parveen Kumar, were instrumental in securing a nail-biting victory for Karnataka. Defending a modest total of 173 runs, Karnataka clinched the win by a mere run, showcasing Hoysala’s invaluable contributions to the team’s success.

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Karnataka

Karnataka Council Passes FAR Amendment Bill

Karnataka Council approves FAR Bill amidst uproar. Premium FAR capped at 0.4%, Transferable Development Rights at 0.6%.

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Karnataka Council Passes FAR Amendment Bill
(Deputy Chief Minister DK Shivakumar | File Photo PTI )

The Legislative Council approved the bill enabling the sale and purchase of premium Floor Area Ratio (FAR) despite the BJP members staging a walkout during the session on Thursday.

Presented by Deputy Chief Minister DK Shivakumar, who oversees Bengaluru City Development, the Karnataka Town and Country Planning (Amendment) Bill 2024 received passage in the Council after its prior approval in the Assembly. This legislation permits developers to augment building floors by acquiring additional FAR through a fee payment equivalent to 40% of the guidance value, as sanctioned by local planning authorities. Furthermore, the bill sanctions the sale of FAR.

According to Shivakumar, the inclusion of premium FAR provision is anticipated to augment the revenues of local planning authorities, enabling investment in developmental endeavors. The premium FAR allotment is capped at 0.4%, with Transferable Development Rights limited to 0.6%.

The bill mandates that the proceeds from premium FAR fees be allocated towards land acquisition and the enhancement of basic amenities. Presently, FAR determination hinges on factors like road width, zoning regulations, and other pertinent parameters.

Expressing concerns, BJP MLCs cautioned against potential traffic congestion arising from the proliferation of buildings due to additional FAR. They proposed referring the matter to a select House committee for comprehensive deliberation, while some members advocated for an in-depth discussion before tabling the bill.

Shivakumar defended the legislation, asserting its simplification aimed at benefiting all stakeholders and bolstering the revenues of local planning authorities. He underscored that the previous BJP administration under Basavaraj Bommai had intentions to amend this law.

“We’ve introduced certain amendments to the law. Premium FAR has been operational in Mangaluru for some time now, generating approximately Rs 3,000 crore in additional revenue over the past six years. This amendment extends the same benefit to the entire state,” remarked Shivakumar.

However, BJP members opposed the bill and subsequently staged a walkout from the Council.

In addition, the Council ratified the BBMP Property Tax Amendment Bill, which previously received approval in the Assembly.

Shivakumar elucidated that the bill aimed to rectify an oversight from the previous government, which led to substantial penalties on property owners. He highlighted that the 15th Finance Commission stipulated the release of grants contingent upon property tax aligning with the guidance value, necessitating the introduction of this amendment bill.

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